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for Viola, Cello and Double Bass (1984/85)

This composition, consisting of a single movement, was written in 1984 and revised the following year. The earlier version was first performed on October 7, 1984 in Metz. I composed NO-UL for the trio basso, which has intrigued me since its founding in 1982.

I had long searched for a deep, dark, warm sound: EARTH, according to the Taoist understanding, is something universal, like the heavens - the "EARTH" sound being one of the 8 traditional Chinese material sounds. Universal also in the sense of a wide range of sound, intuitively, for me, a red earth sound. This lent the title to this composition: NO-UL, Sunset. "Red sinks like to blood of generations into the earth."

Younghi Pagh-Paan

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